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What is Periodontics?

Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that treats gum and bone diseases. This is because gum diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis are some of the most common causes of tooth loss, so their control is essential.

What are the most common ailments that periodontics sees?

The main periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.

Both are closely related and are often caused by poor oral hygiene. The accumulation of oral biofilm, or plaque, in the mouth, causes inflammation, which is one of the first visible symptoms of these diseases.

Other common symptoms in this type of disease are halitosis or increased dental sensitivity when eating very hot or cold foods; they can also cause teeth to move. As for the causes, some specialists also point to genetic factors as causing these diseases.

Although gingivitis can be treated, in periodontitis many cases are irreversible when detected. Therefore, it is important to be aware of the essentiality of visits to the dentist and home oral hygiene. Detecting symptoms such as inflammation, bleeding gums, mobility or others is fundamental to go to the periodontist as soon as possible.

Dental periodontics diseases are some of the most common among patients, along with cavities, and can affect patients of all ages; however, they are more frequent among adults. Thus, the key to preventing them is dental hygiene. It is important to properly brush your teeth daily, a minimum of two times and for two minutes or more. Additionally, there is a lot of variety of toothpaste, in the market, so it is easy to find a specific paste to combat these diseases. Finally, it is also recommended to complement brushing with the use of mouthwash, dental floss and an oral irrigator. A good daily cleaning will keep the mouth healthy and protected from this type of disease.

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